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Title: Selective synthesis under microwave irradiation of new monomers for potential applications in PDLC films
Author: Mouquinho, Ana Isabel Machado
Keywords: Monomer synthesis
Microwave irradiation
Solventless reactions
Liquid crystal
Electro-optical properties
Defense Date: 2012
Publisher: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Abstract: Polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) films consist, commonly, on nematic liquid crystal domains dispersed in a polymeric matrix. These composites can be switched electrically from an opaque scattering state to a highly transparent state by an applied electric field. The molecular structure of the polymerisable monomers that can be incorporated as polymeric matrix plays an important role in the performance of PDLCs. Therefore, the aims of this work were to design and synthesise several new monomers that could be polymerised photochemically and thermally to be incorporated as polymeric matrices in PDLCs and investigate the influence of the molecular structure on the performance of these devices. Several monomers were synthesised in order to achieve better miscibility between the liquid crystal and the monomers during preparation of PDLC films. For this purpose, the monomers were synthesised so as to mimic some structural elements of the E7 liquid crystal molecules. Thus, several aromatic mono- and dimethacrylates with and without a linear chain spacer with five methylene units, as well as vinylic monomers were successfully synthesised. Mild and solvent freeprocedures were developed with reaction times as short as 1 to 5 min, using microwave irradiation. The structures of all isolated monomers were supported by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and FTIR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and melting point. Of all the synthesised monomers, the monomers that included in their structure aromatic rings bearing a cyano group and/or a linear chain spacer with five methylene units were fully characterised due to their higher molecular structure affinity with the E7 liquid crystal molecules. In order to evaluate the effect of these groups, these monomers were compared with those of similar structure but without the respective groups. Thus, DSC and POM with temperature ramps were used for the thermal characterisation of the monomers. The structural morphologies of the polymeric matrices were characterised by SEM. The monomers were also copolymerised with glycidyl methacrylate and the molecular weights of the resulting polymers were evaluated by GPC. The electro-optical properties of the PDLC films were determined by measuring the voltage dependence on the transmitted light.
Description: Dissertation to obtain the degree of master in Bioorganic
Appears in Collections:FCT: DQ - Dissertações de Mestrado

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