Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/15295
Título: Evaluation of mechanical soft-abrasive blasting and chemical cleaning methods on alkyd-paint graffiti made on carbonate stones
Autor: Carvalhão, Miguel do Seixo
Orientador: Dionísio, Amélia
Palavras-chave: Carbonate stones
Graffiti
Alkyd spray paints
Chemical and mechanical soft-abrasive cleaning
Effectiveness
Harmfulness
Data de Defesa: Jan-2015
Resumo: This study focuses on the assessment of three graffiti cleaning systems on alkyd-paint graffiti aerosols made on two Portuguese carbonate stones, a marble, Branco, and a limestone, Lioz. These carbonate stones are commonly used in Portugal as building materials and ornamental stones. Two non conventional commercial dry soft-abrasive blasting media (MC1 and MC2), specifically developed to clean the sensitive and delicate surfaces were tested, MC1 uses a sponge-like urethane polymer involving spherical calcium carbonate particles and in MC2 pure spherical calcium carbonate particles are used. An alkaline cleaner based on a solution of potassium hydroxide was also tested (CC1). The criteria for assessing the effectiveness and potential risks included changes in the chromatic parameters, static contact angle and surface roughness of the stones, identification of deleterious products (i.e. salts) and modification of the morphology and the composition of the surfaces. The methods were effective in the removal of the paint layers, although surfaces became slightly lighter. Adapting the classification proposed by Garcia and Malaga [29], the mechanical soft-abrasive cleaning methods were classified for both stones as Class C, i.e., with ΔEab near 12. The chemical cleaning was classified as Class A for marble stone (ΔEab < 5) and as Class B for the limestone (5<ΔEab<10). No sub-products were identified. With the chemical cleaning, distinct removal of crystals or dissolution of grain boundaries in addition to surface dissolution was observed. The cleaning methods presented a slight low damage potential to these stone materials, i.e., the impact of the cleaning methods on the topography of the surfaces was much reduced. These methods also altered the water repellency of the stone surfaces. An increase in the static contact angles was observed and could be related with changes in the roughness of the surfaces and also to unremoved polymers absorbed in some of the pores of the surfaces.
Descrição: In the context of this dissertation several studies were developed resulting in submission and publication “Evaluation of mechanical soft-abrasive blasting and chemical cleaning methods on alkyd-paint graffiti made on calcareous stones” to Journal of Cultural Heritage. (http://dx.doi.org/10.101 /j.culher.2014.10.004)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/15295
Designação: Dissertação
Aparece nas colecções:FCT: DCR - Dissertações de Mestrado

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