Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/14470
Título: Design of a CMOS amplifier for breast cancer detection
Autor: Carvalho, João Ricardo Carvalho Magalhães de
Orientador: Oliveira, Luís
Palavras-chave: Avalanche photodiodes(APD)
Silicon photomultipliers (SIPMs)
Transimpedance amplifier (TIA)
Positron emission tomography (PET)
Data de Defesa: Set-2014
Resumo: A transimpedance amplifier (TIA) is used, in radiation detectors like the positron emission tomography(PET), to transform the current pulse produced by a photo-sensitive device into an output voltage pulse with a desired amplitude and shape. The TIA must have the lowest noise possible to maximize the output. To achieve a low noise, a circuit topology is proposed where an auxiliary path is added to the feedback TIA input, In this auxiliary path a differential transconductance block is used to transform the node voltage in to a current, this current is then converted to a voltage pulse by a second feedback TIA complementary to the first one, with the same amplitude but 180º out of phase with the first feedback TIA. With this circuit the input signal of the TIA appears differential at the output, this is used to try an reduced the circuit noise. The circuit is tested with two different devices, the Avalanche photodiodes (APD) and the Silicon photomultiplier (SIPMs). From the simulations we find that when using s SIPM with Rx=20kΩ and Cx=50fF the signal to noise ratio is increased from 59 when using only one feedback TIA to 68.3 when we use an auxiliary path in conjunction with the feedback TIA. This values where achieved with a total power consumption of 4.82mv. While the signal to noise ratio in the case of the SIPM is increased with some penalty in power consumption.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/14470
Designação: Dissertação
Aparece nas colecções:FCT: DEE - Dissertações de Mestrado

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