Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/13943
Título: Biological effects of acrylic engineered particulate-systems
Autor: Graça, Diogo Filipe Amaro Santana
Orientador: Bettencourt, Ana
Silva, Maria João
Palavras-chave: Particulate-systems
Particle characterization
Biological effects
in vitro toxicity
Data de Defesa: Nov-2014
Resumo: Polymeric particulate-systems are of great relevance due to their possible biomedical applications, among them as carriers for the nano- or microencapsulation of drugs. However, due to their unique specific properties, namely small size range, toxicity issues must be discarded before allowing its use on health-related applications. Several polymers, as poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), have proved to be suitable for the preparation of particulate-systems. However, a major drawback of its use refers to incomplete drug release from particles matrix. Recent strategies to improve PMMA release properties mention the inclusion of other acrylic polymers as Eudragit (EUD) on particles formulation. Though PMMA and EUD are accepted by the FDA as biocompatible, their safety on particle composition lacks sufficient toxicological data. The main objective of this thesis was to evaluate the biological effects of engineered acrylic particulate-systems. Preparation, physicochemical characterization and in vitro toxicity evaluation were assessed on PMMA and PMMA-EUD (50:50) particles. The emulsification-solvent evaporation methodology allowed the preparation of particles with spherical and smooth surfaces within the micrometer range (±500 nm), opposing surface charges and different levels of hydrophobicity. It was observed that particles physicochemical properties (size and charge) were influenced by biological media composition, such as serum concentration, ionic strength or pH. In what concerns to the in vitro toxicological studies, particle cellular uptake was observed on different cell lines (macrophages, osteoblasts and fibroblasts). Cytotoxicity effects were only found after 72 h of cells exposure to the particles, while no oxidative damage was observed neither on osteoblasts nor fibroblasts. Also, no genotoxicity was found in fibroblast using the comet assay to assess DNA damage. This observation should be further confirmed with other validated genotoxicity assays (e.g. Micronucleus Assay). The present study suggests that the evaluated acrylic particles are biocompatible, showing promising biological properties for potential use as carriers in drug-delivery systems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/13943
Designação: Dissertação
Aparece nas colecções:FCT: DQ - Dissertações de Mestrado

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