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|Title:||Dielectric study of triton X100: a glass-forming liquid|
|Author:||Merino, Esther Garcia|
|Publisher:||Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia|
|Abstract:||The main purpose of this work was to realize an exhaustive study on the molecular mobility of a glass-forming liquid and evaluate the influence of thermal treatment in the phase transformations undergone by the material. It was also our goal to investigate it response when subjected to confinement in nano-porous inorganic materials. The liquid selected, Triton X100, is characterized by a high dielectric response and a high tendency to crystallize by coming from both molten and glassy states. However, it is possible to find the conditions under which crystallization is avoided and the material enters in the supercooled liquid state. This allowed us to study the molecular mobility in the liquid, supercooled liquid, glassy states and as well as the crystallization and investigate temperature driven phase transformations. To get a further insight in the crystallization behaviour, isothermal crystallization at different temperatures and from both glassy and molten states was promoted and monitored in real-time by Dielectric Spectroscopy Relaxation. This study gave information about the influence of the crystallization on the remaining amorphous phase. Motivated by the recent knowledge that molecular mobility and phases transformations can be significantly altered when a glass-forming liquid is confined in the nanometer scale, the molecular dynamics of the Triton X100 was evaluated when confined in mesoporous materials (SBA-15 and MCM-41; pore size, respectively, 5.7 and 3.4 nm). This study revealed that the confinement in SBA-15 is an effective strategy to avoid the crystallization of the Triton X100 independently of the thermal history. Dielectric Spectroscopy Relaxation (DRS) was the main technique used to obtain detailed information about the molecular mobility in a wide range of frequencies (10-2 – 106 Hz). As complementary techniques Differential Scanning Calorimetric (DSC) and polarized Optical Microscopy (POM) were used. Some of the results have been published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry B 2011, 115, (43), 12336-12347.|
|Description:||Dissertação para obtenção do grau de mestre em Engenharia de Materiais|
|Appears in Collections:||FCT: DCM - Dissertações de Mestrado|
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