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Title: Segmentation of striatal brain structures from high resolution pet images
Author: Farinha, Ricardo Jorge Pires Correia
Advisor: Fonseca, José Manuel
Ruotsalainen, Ulla
Defense Date: 2008
Publisher: FCT - UNL
Abstract: We propose and evaluate fully automatic segmentation methods for the extraction of striatal brain surfaces (caudate, putamen, ventral striatum and white matter), from high resolution positron emission tomography (PET) images. In the preprocessing steps, both the right and the left striata were segmented from the high resolution PET images. This segmentation was achieved by delineating the brain surface, finding the plane that maximizes the reflective symmetry of the brain (mid-sagittal plane) and, finally, extracting the right and left striata from both hemisphere images. The delineation of the brain surface and the extraction of the striata were achieved using the DSM-OS (Surface Minimization – Outer Surface) algorithm. The segmentation of striatal brain surfaces from the striatal images can be separated into two sub-processes: the construction of a graph (named “voxel affinity matrix”) and the graph clustering. The voxel affinity matrix was built using a set of image features that accurately informs the clustering method on the relationship between image voxels. The features defining the similarity of pairwise voxels were spatial connectivity, intensity values, and Euclidean distances. The clustering process is treated as a graph partition problem using two methods, a spectral (multiway normalized cuts) and a non-spectral (weighted kernel k-means). The normalized cuts algorithm relies on the computation of the graph eigenvalues to partition the graph into connected regions. However, this method fails when applied to high resolution PET images due to the high computational requirements arising from the image size. On the other hand, the weighted kernel k-means classifies iteratively, with the aid of the image features, a given data set into a predefined number of clusters. The weighted kernel k-means and the normalized cuts algorithm are mathematically similar. After finding the optimal initial parameters for the weighted kernel k-means for this type of images, no further tuning is necessary for subsequent images. Our results showed that the putamen and ventral striatum were accurately segmented, while the caudate and white matter appeared to be merged in the same cluster. The putamen was divided in anterior and posterior areas. All the experiments resulted in the same type of segmentation, validating the reproducibility of our results.
Description: Dissertation presented at the Faculty of Science and Technology of the New University of Lisbon in fulfillment of the requirements for the Masters degree in Electrical Engineering and Computers
Appears in Collections:FCT: DEE - Dissertações de Mestrado

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