Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/16524
Título: On the function of the floccular complex of the vertebrate cerebellum: implications in paleoneuroanatomy
Autor: Cardoso, Sérgio Filipe Ferreira
Orientador: Castanhinha, Rui
Araújo, Ricardo
Antunes, Miguel
Palavras-chave: Floccular complex
Cerebellum
Ecology
Tomography
PGLS
Data de Defesa: Nov-2015
Resumo: The cerebellum floccular complex lobes (FCLs) are housed in the FCL fossa of the periotic complex. There is experimental evidence indicating that the FCLs integrate visual and vestibular information, responsible for the vestibulo-ocular reflex, vestibulo-collic reflex, smooth pursuit and gaze holding. Thus, the behavior of extinct animals has been correlated with FCLs dimension in multiple paleoneuroanatomy studies. Here I analyzed braincase endocasts of a representative sample of Mammalia (48 species) and Aves (59 species) rendered using tomography and image segmentation and tested statistical correlations between the floccular complex volume, ecological and behavioral traits to assess various previously formulated paleobiological speculations. My results demonstrate: 1) there is no significant correlation between relative FCL volume and body mass; 2) there is no significant correlation between relative FCL and optic lobes size in birds; 3) average relative FCL size is larger in diurnal than in nocturnal birds but there is no statistically significant difference in mammals; 4) feeding strategies are related with different FCL size patterns in birds, but not in mammals; 5) locomotion type is not related with relative FCL size in mammals; 6) agility is not significantly correlated with FCL size in mammals. I conclude that, despite the apparent relation between FCL size and ecology in birds, the cerebellum of tetrapods is a highly plastic structure and may be adapted to control different functions across different taxonomic levels. For example, the european mole (Talpa europaea) which is fossorial and practically blind, has a FCL fossae relative size larger than those of bats, which are highly maneuverable. Therefore, variation in FCL size may be better explained by a combination of multiple factors with relation to anatomical and phylogenetic evolutionary constraints.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/16524
Designação: Mestrado em Paleontologia
Aparece nas colecções:FCT: DCT - Dissertações de Mestrado

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