Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/11867
Título: The Portuguese Administrative Elite, 1851-1910
Autor: Almeida, Pedro Tavares de
Palavras-chave: Portugal
Bureaucracy
Elites
Data: 2005
Editora: Almedina
Resumo: The aim of this article is to examine the composition and patterns of recruitment of the ministries’directors-general, as well as to assess the interconnections between bureaucracy and politics, from the beginnings of Regeneração (1851) until the breakdown of Monarchy (1910). The post of director-general was considered one of “political trust”, that might be filled by individuals from outside the civil service, and the selection and de-selection of officeholders depended exclusively on the ministers’ will. Nonetheless, most directors-general were experienced bureaucrats, boasting a steady career as civil servants, and remained in office for long terms, regardless of ministerial discontinuities. In other words, High Administration became relatively immune to party-driven politics. Due to their professional background and lengthy tenure, directors-general were usually highly skilled specialists, combining technical expertise and practical knowledge of the wheels of state bureaucracy. Hence, they were often influential actors in policy-making, playing an active (and sometimes decisive) part behind the scenes, in both designing and implementing government policies. As regards their social profile, directors-general formed a cohesive and homogeneous elite group: being predominantly drawn from urban middle class milieus, highly educated, and appointed to office in their forties.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/11867
Aparece nas colecções:FCSH: DEP - Artigos em revista nacional com arbitragem científica

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