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Title: Growth of phototrophic biofilms from limestone monuments under laboratory conditions
Author: Miller, Ana Zélia
Laiz, Leonila
Dionísio, Amélia
Macedo, Maria Filomena
Saiz-Jimenez, Cesareo
Keywords: Phototrophic microorganisms
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Citation: Miller, A.Z., et al., Growth of phototrophic biofilms from limestone monuments under laboratory conditions, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation (2009)
Abstract: In the current study, five phototrophic biofilms from different Southern Europe limestone monuments were characterised by molecular techniques and cultivated under laboratory conditions. Phototrophic biofilms were collected from Orologio Tower in Martano (Italy), Santa Clara-a-Velha Monastery and Ajuda National Palace, both in Portugal, and Seville and Granada Cathedrals from Spain. The biofilms were grown under laboratory conditions and periodically sampled in order to monitor their evolution over a three-month period. Prokaryotic communities from natural samples and cultivated biofilms were monitored using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene fragments in conjunction with clone sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. DNA-based molecular analysis of 16S rRNA gene fragments from the natural green biofilms revealed complex and different communities composition with respect to phototrophic microorganisms. The biofilms from Orologio Tower (Martano,Italy) and Santa Clara-a-Velha Monastery (Coimbra, Portugal) were dominated by the microalga Chlorella. The cyanobacterium Chroococcidiopsis was the dominating genus from Ajuda National Palace biofilm(Lisbon, Portugal). The biofilms from Seville and Granada Cathedrals (Spain) were both dominated by the cyanobacterium Pleurocapsa. The DGGE analysis of the cultivated biofilms showed that the communities developed differently in terms of species establishment and community composition during the threemonth incubation period. The biofilm culture from Coimbra (Portugal) showed a remarkable stability of the microbial components of the natural community in laboratory conditions. With this work,a multiple-species community assemblage was obtained for further stone colonisation experiments.
Description: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation,xxx (2009) 1–8
ISSN: 0964-8305
Appears in Collections:FCT: DCR - Artigos em revista internacional com arbitragem cientifica

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