Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/21995
Título: Augmenting Translation Lexica by Learning Generalised Translation Patterns
Autor: Mahesh, Kavitha Karimbi
Orientador: Lopes, José
Palavras-chave: Translation lexicon filtering
SVM classification
Bilingual morph-units
Translation selection
OOV lexicon entries
Data de Defesa: Jun-2017
Resumo: Bilingual Lexicons do improve quality: of parallel corpora alignment, of newly extracted translation pairs, of Machine Translation, of cross language information retrieval, among other applications. In this regard, the first problem addressed in this thesis pertains to the classification of automatically extracted translations from parallel corpora-collections of sentence pairs that are translations of each other. The second problem is concerned with machine learning of bilingual morphology with applications in the solution of first problem and in the generation of Out-Of-Vocabulary translations. With respect to the problem of translation classification, two separate classifiers for handling multi-word and word-to-word translations are trained, using previously extracted and manually classified translation pairs as correct or incorrect. Several insights are useful for distinguishing the adequate multi-word candidates from those that are inadequate such as, lack or presence of parallelism, spurious terms at translation ends such as determiners, co-ordinated conjunctions, properties such as orthographic similarity between translations, the occurrence and co-occurrence frequency of the translation pairs. Morphological coverage reflecting stem and suffix agreements are explored as key features in classifying word-to-word translations. Given that the evaluation of extracted translation equivalents depends heavily on the human evaluator, incorporation of an automated filter for appropriate and inappropriate translation pairs prior to human evaluation contributes to tremendously reduce this work, thereby saving the time involved and progressively improving alignment and extraction quality. It can also be applied to filtering of translation tables used for training machine translation engines, and to detect bad translation choices made by translation engines, thus enabling significative productivity enhancements in the post-edition process of machine made translations. An important attribute of the translation lexicon is the coverage it provides. Learning suffixes and suffixation operations from the lexicon or corpus of a language is an extensively researched task to tackle out-of-vocabulary terms. However, beyond mere words or word forms are the translations and their variants, a powerful source of information for automatic structural analysis, which is explored from the perspective of improving word-to-word translation coverage and constitutes the second part of this thesis. In this context, as a phase prior to the suggestion of out-of-vocabulary bilingual lexicon entries, an approach to automatically induce segmentation and learn bilingual morph-like units by identifying and pairing word stems and suffixes is proposed, using the bilingual corpus of translations automatically extracted from aligned parallel corpora, manually validated or automatically classified. Minimally supervised technique is proposed to enable bilingual morphology learning for language pairs whose bilingual lexicons are highly defective in what concerns word-to-word translations representing inflection diversity. Apart from the above mentioned applications in the classification of machine extracted translations and in the generation of Out-Of-Vocabulary translations, learned bilingual morph-units may also have a great impact on the establishment of correspondences of sub-word constituents in the cases of word-to-multi-word and multi-word-to-multi-word translations and in compression, full text indexing and retrieval applications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/21995
Designação: Doutoramento em Informática
Aparece nas colecções:FCT: DI - Teses de Doutoramento

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