Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/17099
Título: Electrokinetic treatment of environmental matrices. Contaminants removal and phosphorus recovery
Autor: Guedes, Paula Alexandra Rodrigues e Araújo
Orientador: Ribeiro, Alexandra B.
Mateus, Eduardo
Palavras-chave: Electro-processes
Cell design
Environmental contaminated matrices
Phosphorus recovery
Heavy metals separation
Emerging organic contaminants removal
Data de Defesa: Set-2015
Resumo: There is a need to develop viable techniques for removal and recovery organic and inorganic compounds from environmental matrices, due to their ecotoxicity, regulatory obligations or potential supplies as secondary materials. In this dissertation, electro –removal and –recovery techniques were applied to five different contaminated environmental matrices aiming phosphorus (P) recovery and/or contaminants removal. In a first phase, the electrokinetic process (EK) was carried out in soils for (i) metalloids and (ii) organic contaminants (OCs) removal. In the case of As and Sb mine contaminated soil, the EK process was additionally coupled with phytotechnologies. In a second phase, the electrodialytic process (ED) was applied to wastes aiming P recovery and simultaneous removal of (iii) toxins from membrane concentrate, (iv) heavy metals from sewage sludge ash (SSA), and (v) OCs from sewage sludge (SS). EK enhanced phytoremediation showed to be viable for the remediation of soils contaminated with metalloids, as although remediation was low, it combines advantages of both technologies while allowing site management. EK also proved to be an effective remediation technology for the removal and degradation of emerging OCs from two types of soil. Aiming P recovery and contaminants removal, different ED cell set-ups were tested. For the membrane concentrates, the best P recovery was achieved in a three compartment (3c) cell, but the highest toxin removal was obtained in a two compartment (2c) cell, placing the matrix in the cathode end. In the case of SSA the best approach for simultaneous P recovery and heavy metals removal was to use a 2c-cell placing the matrix in the anode end. However, for simultaneous P recovery and OCs removal, SS should be placed in the cathode end, in a 2c-cell. Overall, the data support that the selection of the cell design should be done case-by-case.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/17099
Designação: Doutoramento em Ambiente
Aparece nas colecções:FCT: DCEA - Teses de Doutoramento

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