Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/16409
Título: Geopolymers as infill material for conservation of azulejos
Autor: Geraldes, Catarina Figueiredo Moura
Orientador: Pereira, Sílvia
Lima, Augusta
Palavras-chave: Geopolymers
Azulejos
Conservation
Restoration
Lacunae infill
Data de Defesa: Dez-2015
Resumo: The restoration materials currently used to fill gaps in architectural historical azulejos (e.g. lime or organic resin pastes) usually show serious drawbacks in terms of compatibility, effectiveness and durability. The existing solutions do not fully protect azulejos in outdoor conditions and frequently result in further deterioration. Geopolymers can be a potential solution for azulejo lacunae infill given the chemical-mineralogical similitude to the ceramic body, and also the durability and versatile range of physical properties that can be obtained through the manipulation of their formulation and curing conditions. This work presents and discusses the viability of the use of geopolymeric pastes to fill lacunae in azulejos or to act as “cold” cast ceramic tile surrogates reproducing missing azulejo fragments. The formulation of geopolymers, namely the type of activators, the aluminosilicate source, the amount of water (to meet adequate workability requirements) and curing conditions were studied. The need for post-curing desalination was also considered envisaging their application in the restoration of outdoor architectural historical azulejos frequently exposed to adverse environmental conditions. The possible advantages and disadvantages of the use of geopolymers in the conservation of azulejos are also discussed. Several techniques were used to study the chemical and physical behavior of geopolymers, namely FT-IR, XRD, MIP, SEM-EDS, WDXRF, electrical conductivity, open porosity, bending strength, adhesion strength, water vapour permeability, thermal expansion and hydric expansion. The results indicate that geopolymers are a promising material for restoration of azulejos, exhibiting some properties, such as adhesion to the ceramic substrate, higher than inorganic materials used nowadays, such as aerial lime based pastes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/16409
Designação: Mestrado em Conservação e Restauro, especialização em Cerâmica, Vidro e Azulejo
Aparece nas colecções:FCT: DCR - Dissertações de Mestrado

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