TY: THES
T1 - Modeling assembly program with constraints. A contribution to WCET problem
A1 - Kafle, Bishoksan
N2 - Model checking with program slicing has been successfully applied to compute Worst Case
Execution Time (WCET) of a program running in a given hardware. This method lacks path
feasibility analysis and suffers from the following problems: The model checker (MC) explores exponential number of program paths irrespective of their feasibility. This limits the scalability of this method to multiple path programs. And the witness trace returned by the MC corresponding
to WCET may not be feasible (executable). This may result in a solution which is
not tight i.e., it overestimates the actual WCET.
This thesis complements the above method with path feasibility analysis and addresses these problems. To achieve this: we first validate the witness trace returned by the MC and generate test data if it is executable. For this we generate constraints over a trace and solve a constraint
satisfaction problem. Experiment shows that 33% of these traces (obtained while computing
WCET on standard WCET benchmark programs) are infeasible. Second, we use constraint
solving technique to compute approximate WCET solely based on the program (without taking into account the hardware characteristics), and suggest some feasible and probable worst case paths which can produce WCET. Each of these paths forms an input to the MC. The more precise WCET then can be computed on these paths using the above method. The maximum of all these is the WCET. In addition this, we provide a mechanism to compute an upper bound of
over approximation for WCET computed using model checking method. This effort of combining constraint solving technique with model checking takes advantages of their strengths and makes WCET computation scalable and amenable to hardware changes. We use our technique to compute WCET on standard benchmark programs from M¨alardalen University and compare our results with results from model checking method.
UR - http://run.unl.pt/handle/10362/7968
Y1 - 2012
PB - Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia