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Title: Mineralogia da fracção argilosa da Formação de Vale Álvaro (Bragança, NE Portugal)
Authors: Pereira, D. I.
Brilha, J. B.
Keywords: Smectite
Chlorite-smectite mixed- Iayers
Mafic and ultramafic rocks
Issue Date: 28-Dec-2010
Abstract: The studied materials were sampled from several conglomerate and carbonate sandstone units, overlapped for 23 meters. This formation represents a debris flow dominated alluvial fan alternating with quiet sedimentary conditions. These deposits of probably Paleogene age were placed upon mafic and ultramafic rocks that are the exclusive source of sediments. Optical and SEM identification, microanalysis and XRD studies (with decomposition procedures) of clay fractions obtained after high-speed centrifugation were performed in order to characterise the clay minerals content. The results of the analytical program allowed the establishment of the following remarks: a) Fe-rich montmorillonite dominance over paligorskite, chlorite, chlorite-smectite mixed-layers, serpentine and talc; b) smectites in the 12.4 - 15 A range, expanding to about 17 A after EG treatment; c) serpentine and talc as secondary minerals in the interior of altered clasts; d) chlorite and clorite smectite mixed-layer compositions in the borders of the clasts and in the cement. The composition of sediments results from coarse clasts eroded from mafic and ultramafic rocks and clayey material. Clasts show evidences of post-depositional weathering (coatings of chlorite and smectite). Clayey material has the contributions of i) inherired chlorite, smectite and chlorite-smectite mixed-layers; ii ) authigenic crystallisation of Fe-montmorillonite (due to availability of Fe in the crystallising solutions following previous weathering events); iii) authigenic paligorskite associated to a carbonate cement.
Appears in Collections:FCT: DCT - Ciências da Terra

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