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Title: CARTO-SOM - Cartogram creation using self-organizing maps
Authors: Henriques, Roberto André Pereira
Orientador: Bação, Fernando José Ferreira Lucas
Lobo, Victor José de Almeida e Sousa
Keywords: Cartograms
Neural networks
Kohonen self-organizing maps
Geographic information systems
Redes neuronais
Mapas auto-organizáveis de Kohonen
Sistema de informação geográfica
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2006
Series/Report no.: Mestrado em Ciência e Sistemas de Informação Geográfica;TSIG0010
Abstract: The basic idea of a cartogram is to distort a map. This distortion comes from the substitution of area for some other variable (in most examples population). The objective is to scale each region according to the value it represents for the new variable, while keeping the map recognizable. The first cartograms were created to show the geographic distribution of population, in the context of human geography. Cartograms can be seen as variants of a map. The difference between a map and a cartogram is the variable that defines the size of the regions. In a map this variable is the geographic area of the regions, while in the cartogram any other georeferenced variable may be used. In this dissertation we present a general method for constructing density-equalizing projections or cartograms, using the basic SOM algorithm, providing a tool for geographic data presentation and analysis.
Description: Dissertação apresentada como requisito parcial para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Ciência e Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Appears in Collections:NIMS - Dissertações de Mestrado em Ciência e Sistemas de Informação Geográfica

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