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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/3299

Title: Paleolítico médio e superior em Portugal: datas 14C, estado actual dos conhecimentos,síntese e duscussão
Authors: Antunes, M. T.
Cabral, J. M. P.
Cardoso, J. L.
Pais, João
Soares, A. Monge
Keywords: Middle and upper Paleolithic
14C
Mousterian time limit
Tyrrhenian III
Human occupation
Climate
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2010
Abstract: New radiocarbon measurements were obtained from middle and upper Paleolithic sites currently under research by the CEPUNL, in well defined stratigraphical situations. With other dates, they yield an approximative chronological global view. Measurement distribution in function of time does not seem to be an hazardous one. In the actual status of our knowledge, this distribution seems to fit in some assemblages: (a) 14000 to 15000 BP, Solutrean; (b) about 20 000 BP, Solutrean; (c) circa 25 000 BP, already Solutrean, and slightly older than 26 000 BP, still Mousterian; (d) between 29 000 and 31 000 BP, Mousterian. The persistance of Mousterian much later than its acknowledged upper limit at about 34 000 BP (and hence the survival of its neanderthalian authors) is demonstrated. For the first time it has been possible to ascertain the upper time limit of the marine 5-8 metres raised beach (Tyrrhenian III) at Serra da Arrábida, and also the age of archaeological sites without stone artifacts, or with uncharacteristic ones. The obtained measurements allow US to correlate localities and sedimentary units with last glaciation events. There seems to have been a distinct correlation between cave and shelter human occupation and events marked by the worsening of climate.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/3299
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