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|Title: ||Characterization of Pinus spp. needles by gas chromatography and mass
spectrometry: Application to plant-insect interactions|
|Authors: ||Mateus, E|
|Issue Date: ||1-Jan-2009|
|Abstract: ||The pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae)
is considered as the most destructive pine defoliator in the Mediterranean area.
Host species appear to influence the distribution and population dynamics of the
defoliator, but the mechanisms responsible for its performance are not yet
understood. Tree resistance/susceptibility might be due to either the presence
of some compounds present in the needles, or to specific volatile components
emitted by the host trees. In this context, the characterization of the chemical
composition of the needles from different pine species is an important tool to
decode the process of host tree selection and performance by T. pityocampa. The
chemical composition of the needles of P. pinea, P. pinaster, P. halepensis, P.
nigra, P. brutia, P. patula, P. radiata, P. taeda, P. elliotti, P. kesiya, P.
sylvestris and P. eldarica was investigated. Headspace solid-phase
microextraction and steam distillation extraction were used to collect the
volatile fractions, and resin acids were solvent extracted and derivatized
before analysis. Samples were analyzed using one-dimensional gas chromatography
(1D-GC), enantioselective multidimensional gas chromatography (MDGC) with heart-
cutting transfer mode, comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC ×
GC) and mass spectrometry(GC/MS) with different mass analyzers. The potential of
mass spectrometry using field ionization as ionization mode, was also evaluated.
Results showed that the analytical capabilities of 1-D-GC are partially limited
by the separation power of the columns. The high sensibility and the absence of
peak skewing of the time of flight mass analyzer, with the use of automated peak
finding and deconvolution algorithms, allowed for the detection of trace
components with qualitative full spectra and the extraction of true mass spectra
from coeluting compounds, promoting their reliable identification and thus
significantly improving results obtained by 1D-GC/MS, using a quadrupole mass
|Description: ||Dissertação apresentada para obtenção do Grau de Doutor em Ciências do Ambiente
pela Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecn|
|Appears in Collections:||FCT: DCEA - Teses de Doutoramento|
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